5. Germanic and the Development of Old English: Porovnání verzí

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'''1. Compare the two contact situations described in this chapter (Celtic & Old English; and Old English & Old Norse, as spoken by the Vikings) and their effects on the development of English.''''''
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'''Celtic and Old English''':
 
-Anglo-Saxons were occupying, pushed the Celtic speaking people to the borders (Cornwall, Wales), not much of a contact, the text does not really mentions any linguistic consequences, the Celtic influenced Old English very little  borrowed names for rivers, words for dale and high rock (due to their geographical background they didn’t have these words in their own language)
 
-the languages didn’t have the same status and the number of speakers  was different
 
-the languages were completely different
 
 
 
'''Old English and Old Norse''':
 
- The languages were similar enough to permit communication (West Germanic – North Germanic) , the Danes assimilated into the society, intermarriages  right conditions for language contact
 
-the number of speakers was quite the same, the country was divided
 
-They even had Danish kings  the two languages were of the same status
 
-over a 1 000 Old Norse words were added to the lexicon of English (lexical as well as grammatical, e.g. they, their,…)
 
influenced the grammar as well  diminishing of the word endings
 

Verze z 26. 9. 2016, 14:50